Hiking in Jasper National Park.

Bears and Wildlife

Bears and Wildlife

Bear Cubs Nursing

Bears with cubs of the year have been encountered near common hiking areas in Jasper. A mother Grizzly Bear's shyness is usually obvious, however, Brown Bears do seem to require more room to avoid becoming anxious.



An encounter with a Black Bear mother and Cubs is common in Jasper. In most cases you will find that Black Bear mothers are fairly calm as cubs instincts to hit the tree tops relieve the mother Bear of stress. If however, you are in an open area with no trees for the Bear cubs to climb, you can expect the mother Bear to become more excited. A mother Black Bear will feel a lot more vulnerable if her cubs have to remain on the ground, and she may focus her attention on you - the threat.

Baby Bear Cubs Play Fighting.

If a Black Bear mother is concerned you may hear her vocalize to her cubs(it sounds similar to a Gorilla grunt or bark), telling them to get in the trees. In most cases I have seen, the mother Bear's agitation is present, and grows until the cubs are in a tree. Then she usually carried on foraging.



Bear and Wildlife Warnings / Closures August 28, 2016: Grizzly Bear Encounters near Old Fort Point.
August 28, 2016: Grizzly Bear encounters on Jasper Park Lodge Golf Course.
August 27, 2016: Grizzly Bear encounters on Trail 7.
August 14, 2016: Black bear with offspring on Hiking Trail 2.
August 14, 2016: Grizzly Bear on JPL's Golf Course.
August 13, 2016: Grizzly Bear on the Back of Trail 7.
August 12, 2016: Grizzly Bear Encounters on the Skyline Trail.
July 17th, 2016: Grizzly Bear Encounters near Edith Lake.
July 16th, 2016: Grizzly Bear Encounters near Old Fort Point.
June 5th, 2016: Grizzly Bear encounters on Opal Hills Trail.
April 25th, 2016: 3rd fairway on Jasper Park Lodge Golf Course as well as a section of Trail 7 temporary access closure. Grizzly bear trapping in progress.
April 24th, 2016: Bear encounters in Jasper's lower valley are more likely at this time of year. Please be Bear Aware while hiking.
April 16th, 2016: Cougar in the Pyramid Bench area - Please keep dogs on leashes.
April 19th, 2016: Grizzly bear ecounters near Jasper's golf course - Trail 7 closures in effect.


Male Bighorn Sheep are a little more aggressive between late October and January.

Male Sheep may not be shy about claims to their favorite wildlife refuges. If you keep moving, they will not focus on you, but stopping and staring is exactly what they do to each other before they carry out their well-known head to head face off and batter.

Bighorn Sheep Ramming in Jasper

Lynx sightings while hiking in Jasper are quite rare.

While hiking in Jasper, be sure to have your camera ready!


The largest Male Black Bear we encountered while hiking in Jasper.

This Bear still turned and went the other direction when he saw us hiking, but it does also reveal how even the largest of Black Bears do blend into the forest cover quite easily.


Adolescent Black Bear

Struggling on a very hot day; he fell over while losing his footing... a tiny moment that displayed its' exhaustion. Leaving the area quickly, we hoped to remove any additional stress our encounter may have caused.


Grizzly Bears

An angry Grizzly Bear is something you are probably never going to see, but be prepared and respectful as you never want to feel that you could have avoided an encounter that has gone bad. If you are unaware in Bear country, or your hiking becomes too ritualistic; you need to change something. A poorly planned, poorly timed or unlucky judgement call around bears may not always offer another chance.


In an actual Bear attack the Bear is often extremely quiet.

From the time of hearing any rush to actual contact may be just a few seconds >> CAN YOU ACCESS AND READY YOUR SPRAY THAT QUICKLY?

If you are hiking, start dealing with your bear encounter at first sight. Ask yourself "what could happen...worst case scenerio," and do your best to start making your situation immediately better instead of disadvantaged.

And remember...Bears are not the only animals that possess the ability to harm a human while hiking in Jasper.


Wolves at Dusk near one of Jasper's Skyline Trail Entries

Dominant Elk Bull during Rutting Season Displaying Possible Danger Signs Requiring more Room.

Natural Factors

Abundant berry crops might possibly mean more cubs the following year as well as offer cover that causes higher levels of suprise encounters.

Claws on a Black Bear seem cat-like, but a Black Bear weighing the same as a big cat such as a lion, could probably climb circles around them among the trees. A Black Bear's compact body and exceptionally powerful chest and back make ease of tree climbing.


The Sleeping Guard

Coming across a Bear resting at the bottom of a tree can be common while hiking in Jasper. This happens to be a mother Bear that was sleeping at the base while her cubs slept safely up the tree. She looked up as we hiked by and simply relaxed again once she realized we were moving on.


An encounter with a Grizzly bear mother and cubs is less likely as Brown Bears usually seek out solitute.

A mother Brown Bear's shyness would be obvious in most circumstances, however, Grizzlies are more protective of their cubs. A mother Grizzly Bear, even hundreds of meters away, may charge at the sight of a threat to her cubs. Like Black Bears, Grizzlies will take every opportunity to avoid an encounter with us, but a Grizzly mother may also cover a tremendous amount of ground to remove any threats.


Bears Sensitive Noses

Bears noses are claimed to have an ability up to 75 times more effective than humans, which also helps justify their lack of interest in us. If Bears were indeed interested in humans as prey it would reveal itself very consistently.

While hiking in Jasper, the Bears you come across are often the ones oriented upwind or near a food source. Bears, when able to smell us(downwind), often seem to move away from humans. On the flip-side, if a Bear is fairly close to you upwind, there is a good chance that you will smell them. Their odour certainly can assist us with our poor sense of smell!


Interesting Bear Fact:

Bears have evolved unique bone characteristics that offer an ability to become somewhat elastic instead of brittle as they age. These "flexible" bones not only compliment a Bears' hibernation (lack of nutrients), but may also mean an older Bear has physical advantages in its' genetics that other animals do not.


Tips to Avoid Basic BEAR ENCOUNTERS:

Make noise... talking may be best. Watch for fresh bear signs. Be cautious of areas with bushes that have many ripe berries as the bears are probably not far off. Travel in groups. Never approach a bear (stay back a minimum 100 metres - preferably 300 meters when hiking). Carry bear spray and know how it works.

How to handle a BEAR ENCOUNTER

  • Stay calm
  • Get your bear spray ready
  • Speak to the bear - let the bear hear your voice
  • Back away slowly, NEVER run


  • Ridiculous among WILD BEARS You wouldn't think we would have to say this about Bears in Jasper, but they are indeed Wild animals that live a chaotic life compared to ours. When photographing bears, use common sense. Don't follow a Bear into the forest to get that "perfect pic"!

    I am sure we have all seen or been people who have done rediculous things around wild bears over the years. Chasing, approaching, or following a bear is an act that would be considered predatory to them. How would YOU feel if someone was following or watching you persistently. How would you react? Bears are certainly more forgiving than we are, but testing boundaries with any wild animal is not a good idea. Please don't invite Potential disasters with wildlife in Jasper.

    TIPS for CYCLISTS Your speed and quietness put you at higher risk of a surprise bear Encounter. Slow down through shrubby areas, downhill areas, and blind corners. Travel in groups, make noise, and watch ahead.